When we write individual letters in a syllabic unit
for actual writing, there are five cases. As illustrated
in the following diagram, the individual letters are
arranged and proportioned to fit neatly into a square
box, and are always read from left to right, then top
A maximal Korean syllable
structure is CVCC, where C represents "consonant"
and V "vowel".
While C is optional, V is obligatory. The Korean syllable
structure can therefore be re-written as (C) V (C) (C).
All the possible combinations of the syllable occurrences
are exemplified as the following:
V : 아, 와, 왜
CVC: 낙, 불, 꽝
VCC : 않, 없, 읊
CV : 가, 보, 뛰
VC : 얼, 움, 은
CVCC : 값, 몫, 덟
The sounds ㄱ, ㄷ, and ㅂ are
transcribed respectively as g, d, and b when they appear
before a vowel; they are transcribed as k, t, and p
when followed by another consonant or form the final
sound of a word.